Sudan is the third Arab country to be a part of US-mediated deals to end hostilities with Israel in the last couple of months.
There is finally an end in sight to the decades of hostility faced between countries Israel and Sudan after a new deal that was brokered by the USA. The two countries have agreed to normalize their relations and open economic and trade ties as part of the new agreement.
From the White House, President Donald Trump announced the agreement on Friday, October 23, and called the deal "peace in the Middle East without bloodshed," as reported by The Wall Street Journal.
Speaking from the Oval Office, Trump said, "This is an incredible deal for Israel and Sudan. For decades, Sudan has been at a state of war with Israel. They have been in a state of war and boycotted Israeli goods. There was no relationship whatsoever," according to a White House pool report, as quoted by NPR.
The president spoke on a conference call with the countries' leaders—Israeli prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, his counterpart from Sudan, Abdalla Hamdok, and the head of Sudan’s transitional military council, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan—to seal the deal. And this makes Sudan the third Arab country to set aside hostilities with Israel in the last couple of months. The other two countries were the United Arab Emirates and the Kingdom of Bahrain, both of which also recently went forward with US-mediated deals. After around two and a half decades, UAE and Bahrain became the first Arab countries to normalize relationships with Israel.
The Israeli prime minister called this the beginning of a "new era" in the middle-east, and said, as reported by The Jerusalem Post, "Today we announce another dramatic breakthrough towards peace. Today Khartoum says yes to peace with Israel, yes to acknowledging Israel, and yes to normalization with Israel. This is a new era, an era of true peace."
Trump has Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on speaker phone to discuss a deal normalizing relations between Israel and Sudan. He asks: "Do you think Sleepy Joe could have made this deal?"— CBS News (@CBSNews) October 23, 2020
Netanyahu: "We appreciate the help for peace from anyone in America" pic.twitter.com/OtCAL37m8e
Delegates from Israel and Sudan would be meeting soon to have further discussions, which would touch upon areas of agriculture, migration issues, aviation, trade, and others. Netanyahu also added, "The skies of Sudan are now open to Israel, which allows direct and short flights between Israel, Africa, and South America."
The agreement also included Trump taking initiative for the removal of Sudan from a U.S. government list of countries promoting terrorism. A joint statement by the three countries also said, "In light of this historic progress, and following President Trump’s decision to remove Sudan from the State Sponsors of Terrorism list, the United States and Israel agreed to partner with Sudan in its new start and ensure that it is fully integrated into the international community."
Sudan-Israel peace deal agreed, US President Donald Trump announces https://t.co/MvijUvVp1s— BBC News (World) (@BBCWorld) October 23, 2020
Sudan agreed to pay $335 million for a US fund that helps victims of terrorism as well as their families. Trump previously spoke about this and said on Twitter, "At long last, JUSTICE for the American people and BIG step for Sudan!"
GREAT news! New government of Sudan, which is making great progress, agreed to pay $335 MILLION to U.S. terror victims and families. Once deposited, I will lift Sudan from the State Sponsors of Terrorism list. At long last, JUSTICE for the American people and BIG step for Sudan!— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) October 19, 2020
It was Jared Kushner, who is Trump's senior advisor and his daughter, Ivanka's husband, who negotiated the deal from the American side. While speaking to Reuters about the agreement, Kushner said, "This is obviously a great breakthrough. This is obviously going to create a big breakthrough peace between Israel and Sudan. Getting peace agreements done are not as easy as we are making them look right now. They are very hard to do."
With the agreement between the countries being called historic, a report on whitehouse.gov revealed Trump saying, "They are choosing a future in which Arabs and Israelis, Muslims, Jews, and Christians can live together, pray together, and dream together, side by side, in harmony, community, and peace."