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Differentiating Between Coronavirus & Common Cold — Things That You Should Know About COVID-19

Differentiating Between Coronavirus & Common Cold — Things That You Should Know About COVID-19

The Center for Disease Control(CDC) has issued clear instructions for the public on how to battle the COVID-19 outbreak.

The coronavirus pandemic has caused widespread fear across the globe. With people still in the dark about the symptoms and precautions of the illness, the Center for Disease Control released information along with illustrations to educate the public on what they should look out for and do in case of the illness. Here are some of the things you should know about the COVID-19 virus.

Symptoms

The illustration by the CDC below breaks down the most common symptoms seen while suffering from coronavirus, the flu, a cold or allergies. The flow chart helps the person determine his or her condition by answering yes or no.



 

Since many of the symptoms are similar, here's another chart that will help you ascertain narrow down a little further.

 



 

According to experts, fever, cough, and shortness of breath are observed about 2-14 days after being exposed to the virus. However, there are emergency symptoms that need to be brought to a doctor's notice IMMEDIATELY. These include persistent pain or pressure in the chest, new confusion and bluish lips or face are some of the emergency warnings signs which should not be taken lightly.

How does it spread?
The COVID-19 virus is thought to spread from one person to another who are usually within a distance of 6 feet of each other. It is transmitted through their cough or sneeze droplets that land on the nose or mouth of the person.

What to do if you are infected?



 

According to the CDC, a person who is infected should take the necessary actions to prevent the virus from being spread in addition to monitoring their own health.

Monitor your symptoms - Keep a close check and see if your symptoms are worsening. In such a case, call your healthcare provider and ask them to alert your local or state health department. Calling ahead for the medical appointment will allow the facility to take steps to avoid others from being infected or exposed. In case you are going to a facility, wear a mask to avoid transmission. Further, call 911 if you have an emergency.

Stay home - If you are mildly affected by the virus you are requested to isolate yourself in a room preferably with a separate bathroom. You should not share your belongings and should avoid physical contact with other family members or pets. It is also important for you to avoid public spaces and transportations. You should remain in isolation until your risk of transmitting the illness is low. Discontinue the isolation only after consulting a medical practitioner.



 

Use a facemask - Wearing a facemask protects others from being infected. If you are going to the health care provider's office, be considerate of others and wear the mask to avoid virus transmission.

Cover your mouth while coughing and wash hands - Use a tissue to cover your mouth while you sneeze or cough. Then throw the used tissue in a lined trash can and wash your hands thoroughly for at least 20 seconds with soap and water. A hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol can also be used. 

How can you protect yourself? 

Wash your hands - Keep your hands clean with soap and water or a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol. Avoid touching your nose, eyes, and mouth with unclean hands, stated the CDC.

Avoid contact with sick people - Keep away from people who are sick. If the COVID-19 outbreak is suspected in your community, avoid the public spaces and restrict yourselves at home.  This is particularly important for those advanced in age with pre-existing conditions such as heart diseases, lung disease, and diabetes. 

Clean frequently touched surfaces - Use a disinfectant to clean your doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones or any surfaces that are frequently touched. 

References: 

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/symptoms.html